Radon disclosure effective January 1, 2014

3 Jan

Making Sense of the Radon Awareness Act

Buyers and sellers of residential real estate in Minnesota should be aware, if they are not already, of a law passed in the last legislative session that became effective January 1, 2014.  The new law requires sellers to disclose to buyers, in writing, any knowledge the seller has concerning radon concentrations in the dwelling.  It also requires very specific disclosure in the form of a statutory notice and accompanying publication, as detailed below.

Clearing the confusion.  While this law has only been in effect two days as of the time of this writing, it is clear that there is already some confusion and misinformation concerning what the law requires. Perhaps it is worth clarifying what the law does not require, first.  The law DOES NOT require a seller or buyer to perform a radon test before the property is sold.  The law DOES NOT require a seller to provide, or a buyer to obtain, a radon inspection.

  • What transactions are impacted? While the law became effective January 1, 2014, it applies very specifically to “[…]agreements to sell or transfer residential real property executed on or after that date.”  Minn. Stat. Sec. 144.496, subd. 6.
  • What does the Minnesota Radon Awareness Act require?  You can find the full text of the law here: https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=144.496. The new radon disclosure law is somewhat similar in approach to other Minnesota seller disclosure obligations, and also to federal lead-based paint disclosure.  The statutory language states:

Before signing an agreement to sell or transfer residential real property, the seller shall disclose in writing to the buyer any knowledge the seller has of radon concentrations in the dwelling.

(Minn. Stat. Sec. 144.496, subd. 3)

  • Additional requirements.  The disclosure must also include additional information, including whether radon tests have been performed on the property, recent records pertaining to radon concentration levels, a description of any remediation/mitigation efforts taken, etc.  Additionally, the law requires two very specific disclosure obligations be met: 1) the seller must provide a very specific radon disclosure statement containing language specified within the statute (Minn. Stat. Sec. 144.496, subd. 4); and 2) the seller must provide the buyer with a copy of the Minnesota Department of Health publication entitled “Radon in Real Estate Transactions”.  You can find that publication here: http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/indoorair/radon/rnrealestateweb.pdf
  • Certain transactions are excepted from the requirements.  The statute lists an array of transactions for which the Radon Awareness Act does not apply.  Minn. Stat. Sec. 144.496, subd. 3(d). To determine if your transaction may be excepted from the requirements, review the statute carefully and speak with your legal counsel to clarify any questions.

Some trade organizations, like the Minnesota Association of Realtors(R), and the Minnesota State Bar Association have created forms that incorporate the disclosure requirements.  If you are already utilizing an attorney or real estate agent in your transaction, hopefully they are assisting you with understanding and complying with this disclosure obligation.  If they aren’t, or you have not already engaged a real estate agent or attorney you should be sure to speak with a competent real estate attorney to ensure you obtain the advice and counsel you may need to help you fulfill this disclosure, and other applicable disclosure obligations.

For residential buyers, it is important that you understand that while a seller is obligated to disclose what they know, regarding radon, many sellers have no reason to know radon levels are normal or abnormal unless they have had an inspection done.  Buyers are free to negotiate a radon inspection into the terms of a purchase agreement.

If you are curious about the health concerns or rationale for why the legislature believed a radon disclosure to be necessary, radon facts and background information can be found at the Minnesota Department of Health website, here.  According to the Minnesota Department of Health,

High radon exist [sic] in every state in the US.  In Minnesota, 2 in 5 homes has radon levels that pose a significant health risk, and nearly 80% of counties are rated high radon zones.

Source: http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/indoorair/radon/index.html?utm_source=print&utm_medium=brochure&utm_campaign=general

Additional radon-related information can be found within the MDH website, here.

As real estate transactions become increasingly complex, it is prudent to engage professionals such as a real estate agent and attorney to help you navigate disclosure obligations and other responsibilities involved in buying or selling residential real estate.


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This blog entry is written by Brad Boyd, a Shareholder at Thomsen Nybeck.  Brad’s practice focuses primarily in Real Estate, Real Estate Brokerage, Business and Corporate law.  Brad provides legal advice, guidance, and representation related to risk management in a wide variety of real estate and business law matters.  a


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